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Cyber crime encompasses any criminal act dealing with computers & networks (called hacking). Additionally, Cyber crime also includes traditional crimes conducted through the internet. For example; hate crime, telemarketing & internet fraud, identity theft, and credit card account thefts are considered to be cyber crimes when the illegal activities are committed though the use of computer & the Internet.
Computer crime is a general term that embraces such crimes as phishing, credit card frauds, bank robbery, illegal downloading, industrial espionage, child pornography, kidnapping children via chat rooms, scams, cyber terrorism, creation and/or distribution of viruses, Spam and so on. All such crimes are computer related and facilitated crimes.
Categories of Cyber Crime
Cyber crimes are broadly categorized into three categories, namely crime against
Each category can use a variety of methods and the methods used vary from one criminal to another.
Capacity of human mind is unfathomable. It is not possible to eliminate cyber crime from the cyber space. It is quite possible to check them. History is the witness that no legislation has succeeded in totally eliminating crime from the globe. The only possible step is to make people aware of their rights and duties (to report crime as a collective duty towards the society) and further making the application of the laws more stringent to check crime. Undoubtedly the Act is a historical step in the cyber world. Further I all together do not deny that there is a need to bring changes in the Information Technology Act to make it more effective to combat cyber crime. I would conclude with a word of caution for the pro-legislation school that it should be kept in mind that the provisions of the cyber law are not made so stringent that it may retard the growth of the industry and prove to be counter-productive.