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With completion of two years of BJP led NDA government, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched eNAM portal for the benefit of farmers. The agenda is to provide relief to the farmers and minimize the gap between farms and mandis. This step may be seen as a step to reduce suicide of farmers. It is pan India initiative which aims at ensuring transparency in buying and selling of agricultural commodities. This can be assessed as a tool which would help to create a national network of physical mandis that can be accessed online.
WHAT IS eNAM AND IT’S USES
National Agriculture Market (NAM) has been conceived to create an online platform which will integrate the APMC regulated market yards across the States to create a National Agriculture Market. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India has decided to promote NAM through Agriculture Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) by creation of a common electronic platform deployable in selected regulated markets across the country. This initiative is focused on reducing information asymmetry, increasing market reach for the farmers, and reducing transaction costs. Integration of APMC’S across the country through the e-platform is seen as an important measure for overcoming the challenges posed by the present APMC’s system namely – fragmentation of State into multiple market areas, each administered by separate APMC, multiple levy of mandi fees, requirement for multiple license for trading in different APMCs, licensing barriers leading to conditions of monopoly, poor quality of infrastructure and low use of technology, information asymmetry, opaque process for price discovery, high level of market charges, movement controls, etc.
PHASES OF eNAM
NAM will be deployed in selected 585 regulated wholesale markets in States/UTs desirous of joining the e-platform. Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is operating the NAM as the implementing agency with technical support from the Strategic Partner (SP). 400 mandis will be integrated by March 2017 and remaining 185 by March 2018. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW) is meeting expenses on software and its customisation for the States and is providing it free of cost. The eNAM platform currently lists 23 commodities and integrates 21 agricultural markets across eight Indian states.
COMPONENTS OF eNAM
BENEFITS OF eNAM