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The tradition of imparting justice has been in our culture since ancient civilization. Way before courts were built by British official to do justice in far off land, noble heads of village used to resolve disputes of village dwellers. Village courts got recognition with the help of Mahatma Gandhi. Justice P.N.Bhagvati envisaged the idea of Lok Adalat and is the pioneer who made this idea a success.
In vernacular dialect Lok Adalat means People’s court. The sole aim of the institution is to impart justice to the weaker section of the society. It secures opportunity of the poor to seek justice on the basis of equal opportunity.
How did it come into existence?
The credit is given to Justice P.N. Bhagvati as Lok Adalat is his brain child. In the 38th year of Republic of India, this act was enacted under The Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987. This act extends to all of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has been amended in the year 1994.
What does it define?
It works in accordance with the law of the state. It defines case, central authority, district authority, legal services, state authority, Taluk legal services committee, Supreme court legal services committee, notifications, schemes, regulation, Lok Adalat, High Court legal services committee, prescribed, State Government.
Who all constitutes the Lok Adalat?
Lok Adalat constitutes a Central authority on the recommendation of Central Government. The central authority consists of
Fuction of Lok Adalats